Quinoa

We have been working in highlands of Bolivia for 5 years and in that time we have developed strong relationships with farmers. The qunioa we sell in Australia comes from over 180 families from the regions of SanPedro de Quemes, Llica and Salinas de Garci Mendoza in Bolivia. These areas have very high levels of poverty and quinoa is one of their few sources of income.
 

Overview

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) is a relative of beets and saltbush. It contains more protein than any other grain -an average of 16.2 percent, compared with 7.5 percent for rice, 9.9 percent for millet, and 10 percent for wheat. Quinoa's protein is of an unusually high quality. It is a complete protein, with an essential amino acid balance close to the ideal. Quinoa's protein is high in lysine, methionine and cystine. This makes it an excellent food to combine with, and boost the protein value of, other grains (which are low in lysine), or soy (which is low in methionine and cystine).

Besides its unique protein, quinoa also provides starch, sugars, oil (high in essential linoleic acid), fiber, minerals (especially potassium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium) and vitamins.
It is completely gluten free.
It has a low glycemic index of 35
Quinoa is light, tasty, and easy to digest. It is not sticky or heavy like most other grains, and it has a delicious flavor all its own. Quinoa can be substituted for almost any grain in any recipe. It looks and tastes great on its own, or in any dish from soup to salad. Use it instead of rice with stir fries, instead of barley in soups, instead of burghul in tabooli, instead of oats in porridge, and almost anywhere else you need a cooked grain.

This quinoa is grown at 3800 metres in the Andes and its slow growth gives the largest grain size and highest protein content. Lower altitude quinoa has many imperfect hard grains and lower nutritional value. It is produced by a farming cooperative and bought at a fair trading price. As the mother goddess of the Inca religion quinoa was long suppressed by the Spaniards but with the renewal of the Inca culture and the discovery of its nutritional value it is having a strong revival.
 

Cooking Instructions

1 cup quinoa
2 cups liquid
Bring to boil and simmer for 12-15 minutes
All liquid should be absorbed
Use quinoa as a replacement for boiled rice or when strong flavours are to be added, for example, with curries or in tabouli. Use a stock (fish , chicken, vegetable etc) instead of water if the quinoa is to be used with mild flavours such as in a salad , kedgeree , stuffing Use coconut milk instead of water to make a rich dessert base.
 

Recipes

www.chef2chef.com has 150 quinoa recipes Wkipedia has a good article with photos of the plant and references http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinoa
 

Distribution and Culture

The Quinoa grows in the Andean regions of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, and northern hemisphere countries such as Canada, USA and England. In Bolivia it is grown from sea level to 4,000 m altitude. It has a rise time of 90 to 220 days, depending on the variety, and can produce between 3 and 5 t / ha of grain. You also get about 4 t / ha of dry matter containing 18% protein, which gives it potential as a forage plant.
 

Morphology

Height: The Quinoa is a herbaceous plant that can reach 2 m high. Stem: The stem is slender, tubular, and may or may not secondary branches. Leaves: The leaves of the quinoa have different shapes and colors, usually green, red or purple. Seeds: The seeds are up to 2.5 mm, and have high nutritional value, with good balance of amino acids and saponin content.



Nutritional Information

 

White

Red

Black

  Ave. Quantity per 100 g Ave. Quantity per 100 g Ave. Quantity per 100 g
Energy 1828 kJ (437 Cal) 1776 kJ (424 Cal) 1803 kJ (431 Cal)
Protein 13.8 g 11.9 g 12.6 g
Carbohydrates 59.7 g 70.9 g 71.9 g
Sugar Less than 1 g Less than 1 g Less than 1 mg
Total Fat 5.0 g 6.0 g 5.8 g
Saturated Fat Less than 1 g Less than 1 g Less than 1 mg
Sodium Less than 5 g Less than 1 g Less than 5 mg
Magnesium 204 mg 176 mg 128 mg

Quinoa

Quinoa FOB Prices

White Royal Quinoa

US$ 2,990 per MT

Red Quinoa

US$ 5,450 per MT

Black Quinoa

US$ 5,450 per MT